Richard Gray - ... The dazzling colours and patterns on their wings make butterflies and moths some of the most eye catching creatures in the animal kingdom, but a new book suggests these dramatic designs also help turn the insects into master illusionists capable of fooling potential predators.
Professor Philip Howse, a retired entomologist from Southampton University, claims that many species of butterfly and moth are capable of using their wing patterns to trick predators into thinking they are much larger and even more dangerous animals.
One species of butterfly has patterns on its wings that when viewed from the right angle take on the appearance of a snake's head. When disturbed, it falls to the ground and writhes around to complete the illusion.
Another species uses its wing patterns to take on the appearance of a small rodent peaking out from foliage, while another looks like the face of a fox. ...
via Butterflies and moths mimic snakes and foxes to fool predators, claims researcher - Telegraph.